LB. Christian Garver (ca. 1735-1798)

LB. Christian Garver (b. ca. 1735; d. 1798) was German Baptist Brethren, married three times and had 18 (or 23) children. [1] He is likely Christian Carver and wife (1 or 2) Fronica, who bought 70 acres in Manheim Twp., Lancaster Co. in 1758 and sold part of it in 1768. [2] This land is about 1¼ miles west of the land of [C] Michael Gerber of Manheim Twp. [LB] Christian Carver next bought 133½ acres in Warwick Twp. (now Penn Twp.) in 1768 and sold it to Christian Hershee in 1779. [3] This land adjoined 48 acres patented by [LA] Adam Gruber/Gerber/Tanner in 1761. This may suggest that Christian and Adam were brothers or somehow related. [4] Christian remained on the Warwick Twp. tax list until 1777. This is likely the Christian Garver, who in 1790, moved to the Leitersburg District of Washington Co., Md. [5] where his third wife Elizabeth -- (b. 1747; d. Jan. 18, 1826) left a will, [6] naming 17 children: LB1+ Leonard Garver; LB2+ John Garver; LB3+ Martin Garver; LB4+ Christian Garver; LB5 Mary Garver; LB6 Nancy Garver; LB7 Fanny Garver; LB8 Polly Garver; LB9 Barbara Garver; LBa+ David Garver; LBb+ Elizabeth Garver; LBc+ Hester Garver; LBd+ Eve Garver; LBe Catharine Garver; LBf+ Abraham Garver; LBg+ Isaac Garver; LBh Jacob Garver; LBi+ Samuel Garver; LBj Sara Garver; and LBk Betsy (Elizabeth) Garver.


[1]J.G. Keller, The Garver Family (1889); J.T. Garver, Paper Read by J.T. Garver at the Garver Reunion, Pleasant Home, Ohio, September 9th, 1897 (1897); E.E. Garver, Souvenir: Garver-Walker Reunion (1903); Melchora Garver, letter to Lois Garver (1942), with attachments: (1) re: Christian Garver and (2) "Revolutionary War Record of Christian Garver" for DAR; Lois Garver, Louis Garver (1852-1923) and The Garvers in America, 1730- (Dallas, Texas: 1987). Address: Lois Garver, 801 La Prada, Apt. 230, Garland, Texas 75043. These sources [erroneously?] claim that Christian lived in Earl Twp., Lancaster Co., Pa., and served in the Revolutionary War (7th Co., 10th Battalion, Lanc. Co. Militia). See E7 Christian Garber in this paper.

[2]Deed R-330, Lancaster Co.: on Mar. 2, 1768 Christian Carver, waggoner, of Warwick Twp. and his wife Fronica sold 23 acres to Henry Shank, tavernkeeper of Manheim Twp., part of a 70-acre tract patented by Christian Hirshy June 4, 1746 (A-13-81, Phila.) and sold to Christian Carver on Sept. 10, 1758. Christian Gerber shows on tax lists of Manheim Twp., owning 10 acres in 1759 and 20 acres in 1760 and 1761.

[3]Deed L-312, Lancaster Co.: on Mar. 2, 1768 Christian Carver of Warwick Twp. bought 133½ acres in Warwick Twp., adjoining land of Adam Tanner, from Henry Shank, tavernkeeper of Manheim Twp., patented by Shank Feb. 18, 1768 (Patent AA-10-268, Philadelphia). This is the same day that Carver sold 23 acres in Warwick Twp. to Henry Shank (Deed R-330). The 1771 tax list of Warwick Twp. in Pa. Archives, 3rd series, vol. 17, shows Chr. Gerber with 130 acres, 2 horses and 4 cattle (suggesting he had several children at that time). Lancaster Co. Unrecorded Deed No. 510 shows that on Oct. 29, 1779, Christian Carver, yeoman, late of Warwick Twp. and wife Elizabeth sold to Christian Hershee for £640 a tract of 133½ acres in Warwick Twp., bounded by lands of Adam Tanner, Lawmans, and Valentine Griner. Christian signed both the deed and the receipt, dated same day; "Elizeabth" marked the deed with "x". Christian's signature is not very legible, but he definitely began his last name with "G" not "C". The witnesses to the 1779 deed were John Stull and Joseph Chapline; the 1790 US Census index for Maryland shows they both resided in Washington Co., Md. It is possible that Christian Carver was associated with the White Oak Brethren community while he resided in Warwick Twp. from 1768 to 1777. This community was settled prior to 1736 and was part of the Conestoga Brethren congregation until 1772, when it separated. See History of the Church of the Brethren of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (1915) and D.F. Durnbaugh's The Brethren in Colonial America (1967). Morgan Edwards in Materials... (1770) listed 65 members of the White Oak society, but Christian Carver is not included on this list. Note that Jacob Zug, son of White Oak minister Ulrich Zug, sold his half of his father's farm to his brother and moved to Washington Co., Md. in 1772. Likewise, Henry Zug, another son of Ulrich, moved to the Potomac River in Washington Co., Md. These two illustrate that, in addition to Christian Carver/Garver, there were ties and movements between the Brethren communities in White Oak, Pa. and Washington Co., Md. Note also that Christian Carver's Oct. 29, 1779 unrecorded deed sold his land in Warwick Twp. to Christian Hershee. This appears to be the same Christian Hirshy who patented 70 acres in Manheim Twp. June 4, 1746 (A-13-81, Phila.) and sold it to Christian Carver on Sept. 10, 1758. Carver and Hirshy/Hershee did business on two occasions 21 years apart. They must have had some long-standing relationship. Perhaps one of Christian Carver's wives was a Hershey.

[4]In Chapman Bros., Portrait Biographical Album of Greene and Clarke Counties, Ohio (Chicago, 1890), p. 857, an account of John N. Garver claims that his great grandfather Christian Garver was "one of two brothers who came to this country from Germany late in the eighteenth century and located in Maryland..." We believe that [LB] Christian Garver was not a son of [B] Hans Jacob Gerber, the 1733 immigrant. The [B] family was Lutheran, while [LB] Christian was Baptist (Brethren).

[5]Md. Liber G, Folio 69, 1790. See also Herbert C. Bell, History, Leitersburg District, Washington County, Md. (1898).

[6]Md. Liber O, Folio 183, 1802.


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